Hypertonia in newborn infants
In early childhood the child develops very rapidly. In the first two years of life, very important stages of the formation of the organism occur. The baby interacts actively with the environment and develops physically and intellectually. In this regard, it is very important during this period to monitor the symptoms that signal on the development of pathologies. Newborn infants may have problems associated with swelling of the muscles or in another way - hypertonia.
In addition to the diseases that have been identified by doctors, all children which seem healthy at the first gaze can sometimes have some problems. These abnormalities that bother parents include:
- frequent crying of a child;
- poor sleep and eating problems;
- mild irritability;
- backward development;
- trembling of hands and chin during crying.
For many, this may seem surprising, but the main cause of most of these symptoms is muscle swelling, and, accordingly, hypertonia in newborns.
What is hypertonia in an infant?
Increased muscle tone is a very common abnormality that occurs in most newborns. For this reason, many people do not consider it a serious problem, because if everyone has it, then everything is all right. Nevertheless, let’s try to find out what represents the hypertonia of newborns and whether it is dangerous.
Absolutely all children are born with increased muscle tone. The reason for this is the peculiarity of the physiology of the human body, which is related to the principles of interaction of the brain and muscle tissues.
What is hypertonia of muscles?
In everyday terms, for most people “swelling” is associated with the over-saturation of certain tissues with liquid. Muscle swelling is completely unrelated to water. This pathology is associated with the clogging of muscle cells with waste.
The cause of clogging of muscle cells
First, the muscle cell is a living structural unit of the body. Like all living things, it must be fed, after which waste remains. Secondly, in the human body there are special protein compounds - hormones, which are synthesized by the body in response to various stress conditions. These substances are necessary for the body to react adequately to stress, but they are harmful to the liver. In this regard, their number is artificially reduced to a minimum by concentration in the muscles.
In muscle cells, there is a special place for hormones, which is called the Golgi’s apparatus. This structure is a kind of a “garbage can” for waste. The role of the garbage truck in this system is performed by lymph that flows between the cells. It picks up the waste and takes them to the lymph nodes, where they are successfully eliminated.
These processes continuously occur in all muscle cells and ensure their functioning. Under certain circumstances, an established system may fail. These deviations from the norm arise when, under the influence of various external factors, waste in the cells becomes so much that the lymph can not cope with its duties. This leads to accumulation of protein residues in muscle tissues and an increase of cells in size. At this, the further, the more bloated cells press against each other and prevent the lymph from removing waste. That is, the process of clogging feeds itself and, with time, only worsens. It turns out a kind of vicious circle: waste accumulates and prevents flow of lymph, which causes the formation of even more waste which continues to slow down the lymph, and so on.
How dangerous is hypertonia and swelling of muscle tissue for infants?
These deviations in newborn babies appear identically: the affected muscles are very tight and unable to bend and unbend normally. For this reason, these phenomena are confused, and hypertonia is considered as a harmless symptom, which will disappear sooner or later (after 6 months) itself. Of course, the name it is of no particular importance, but one must understand that hypertonia and muscle swelling, despite similar symptoms, have a different nature and causes of emergence. In addition, the swelling of muscles will never disappear itself, in contrast to hypertonia. Just over time, the disease turns into another form and turns into scoliosis, dysplasia, tarsoptosia, headaches, etc.
Based on this, it is possible to give such an answer to the question whether hypertonia is dangerous in infants - a real hypertonia is not a disease. This is not a dangerous feature of the physiology of the child’s body, which disappears without a trace after the 6th month period of life of the baby. But, at the same time, the danger is swelling of the muscles, which disguises of it, does not secede itself and is the cause of a number of serious ailments.
How to determine the swelling of the muscles in a child?
For an accurate determination of the presence of muscular swelling, it is necessary to consult a specialist competent in this matter. At the same time, you can identify the main symptoms of the disease yourself. For this, it is necessary to know the indices of the infant’s development norm. A healthy child is able to perform actions from the list given below, the age backwardness. If these standards are not met, it can be concluded that the hypertonia present in the newborn does not disappear without help.
Indicators of normal development of infants under one year of age:
- by the end of the second month the baby should already hold the head;
- by the second month it must reach after the toy;
- by the third month it should grab a toy;
- by the fourth-fifth month it should be able to turn over from the back to the abdomen and back;
- by the fifth it should be able to stay on hands and knees and rock unsteadily;
- by the sixth-seventh it starts to try to sit down;
- by the seventh-eighth month it must be able to sit down;
- at the eighth month the child already has to be able to crawl;
- by the eighth-ninth month it should try to stand with a support;
- by the end of the first year should be able to walk, even by the hand.
If your child is not able to perform anything from this list at the appropriate age, do not think that this is just its individual developmental feature. Such attitude is very dangerous for the child, since you, believing that everything is all right, let the moment pass when one can still help it. See the video with useful information on this topic.
Additional signs of the presence of persistent hypertonia in a newborn:
- torticollis – when sleeping the baby’s head is turned in one direction;
- the child is not able to lean on the forearms when lying on the tummy, but instead simply stretches his arms out to the sides like an airplane;
- the child missed the stage of crawling and immediately began to try to walk at the age of 7-8 months;
- the baby gets up and spreads his legs widely;
- walking or standing on tiptoes.
It should be remembered that muscle swelling is not a self-limited condition, it eventually transforms into other diseases which are treated much more difficultly: flat foot, scoliosis, postural asymmetry, stoop, headaches, etc. Only a qualified specialist can save your baby from such a fate, which is capable of removing muscle swelling in children with massage and special gymnastics.
Method of treatment of Nikonov N.B. - emendic massage
Emendic procedures effectively help to remove persistent hypertonia of muscles in newborns. This process is discussed below.
Considering that persistent hypertonia is in fact a muscle swelling, which represents muscle cells packed with excess protein, then for its elimination it is necessary only to remove these protein compounds. This is achieved by mechanical acceleration of the lymph flow. Exposure to the lymphatic system is very important, since it is the only way to remove toxins from the cell. Acceleration of lymph flow causes acceleration of the removal of unnecessary proteins, thereby reducing cell volumes. In this case, the smaller the muscle cell becomes, the easier it is for the lymphatic system to work, and the more effective it becomes.
In other words, the myologist who performs emendic procedures provokes an initial impulse that triggers the natural mechanism of tissue purification. The time of disposal of cells from excess amounts of proteins depends on the size of the swelling. The more waste was collected in muscle cells, the longer and more difficult the recovery process will be. If the majority of cells has a normal size and does not interfere with the flow of lymph, then the body begins to cope with cleaning independently and no longer requires additional external assistance. In this case, it is worth noting that emendic massage is the most effective and reliable way of treatment of persistent hypertonia (muscular swelling) in infants.
The cost of a written request to the doctor - 800 $
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